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great Hall of justice (E-Dubal-mah

In Ur of the Chaldees, Leonard Woolley found the ruins of a School.

One room was set aside as a Museum and had 1600 year old objects with terracotta labels inscribed:

'For the Marvel of the Beholder'


The ruins of the great Hall of justice (E-Dubal-mah) at "Ur of the Chaldees," as seen from the south corner.

  boundary stone from Ur

In 'Ur of the Chaldees' by Sir Leonard Woolley he describes the finding of, perhaps, the world's oldest Museum. The building E-Gig-Par was given by King Nabondicus to his high priestess, his daughter Bel-Shalti-Nannar (sister of the Belshazzar involved in the 'Writing on the Wall' episode -see the Book of Daniel).

One room contained round clay tablets - with good text on one side which was copied, but to a poorer standard on the other - interpreted as being exercise pieces - and the room as a school.

Kassite Boundary stone from the Museum

  Clay Label

The room next to the School room had objects which were centuries old - a boundary stone from 1400BC. a fragment of a statue of King Dunga dating to 2280BC, and other similar objects. All this in a room dating to the sixth century BC!

The most informative object was a clay drum shaped object (see picture to right) which had 3 columns of writing in Ancient Summerian but one column in late Semitic which contained the following text:

'These, are copies from bricks found in the ruins of Ur, the work of Bur-Sin, King of Ur, which while searching for the ground-plan (of the Temple) the Governor of Ur found, and I saw and wrote out for the marvel of beholders'

Clay Label from Museum


Lecture by Kevin Flude - prepared for 'Creative Practice in Narrative Environments'

MA course at Central Saint Martins College of Art & Design & developed for University College Worcester

Page last updated 28 February 2008

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