July – Kalendar of Shepherds 15th Century

July is the month of Haymaking, as you can see from the July image in the Kalendar of Shepherds. To find out more, have a look at my 2022 post on haymaking, which I have revised for you to read.

July is named for Julius Caesar. Originally, it was called Quintilis, as it was the fifth month of the Roman calendar, which originally started in March. Caesar reformed the calendar in 44BC and the Senate renamed the month after him.

It is called Lúil in Irish and Gorffennaf in Welsh. In Anglo Saxon July was Æfteraliða, or “after-mild;”, Liða, means “mild” or “gentle,” or the period of warm weather around Midsummer. June is Arraliða, or “before-mild”.

It is on average the warmest month in most of the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the second month of summer. The star signs for July are: Cancer (until July 22) and Leo (July 23 onwards),

From the Kalendar of Shepherds comes this description of July.

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